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Child & Youth Trauma
The problem we aim to address

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SERVICE PROVIDERS

This section brings together resources for practitioners (e.g., social workers, psychologists, psychoeducators, teachers, educators) from different settings (e.g., schools, social services,private practice, community agencies) working with children who experienced trauma.These resources provide information about childhood traumas and their consequences and are intended to support workers in the implementation of trauma-specific and sensitive practices.

WHAT IS CHILD AND YOUTH TRAUMA AND WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES?

GUIDES & FACT SHEETS

WHAT IS COMPLEX TRAUMA? A Resource Guide for Youth and Those Who Care About Them

Offers information about complex trauma, how it can impact youth, both good and harmful coping strategies, and ways to improve. This guide is for youth who have experienced complex trauma or who know someone who has. Clinicians, caregivers, and other adults can also use the guide to have conversations with youth about what complex trauma is.

 

COMPLEX TRAUMA IN CHILDREN and ADOLECENTS

Complex trauma can affect children in a multitude of ways. Here are some common effects.

 

COMPLEX TRAUMA: Facts for Directors, Administrators, and Staff in Residential Settings

Provides information for staff in residential treatment centers on how to understand behavior through a trauma lens, as well as recommendations for directors and administrators on trauma-informed residential policies, staff training and self-care, as well as the developmental and educational needs of youth. 

 

TRAUMA-INFORMED CARE FACT SHEETS - NATIVE CHILDREN: Trauma and Its Effects.

 

 

 

WEBSITES

COMPLEX TRAUMA

What it is, Effects, Screening and Assessment, Interventions

 

TRAUMA TYPES

When a child feels intensely threatened by an event he or she is involved in or witnesses, we call that event a trauma. There is a range of traumatic events or trauma types to which children and adolescents can be exposed.

 

WHAT IS CHILD TRAUMA?

 

BOOKS

THE BOY WHO WAS RAISED AS A DOG

What happens when a young brain is traumatized? How does terror, abuse, or disaster affect a child's mind -- and how can that mind recover? Child psychiatrist Dr. Bruce D. Perry has helped children faced with unimaginable horror: genocide survivors, murder witnesses, kidnapped teenagers, and victims of family violence. In The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog, Dr. Perry tells their stories of trauma and transformation through the lens of science, revealing the brain's astonishing capacity for healing. Deftly combining unforgettable case histories with his own compassionate, insightful strategies for rehabilitation, Perry explains what exactly happens to the brain when a child is exposed to extreme stress --and reveals the unexpected measures that can be taken to ease a child's pain and help him grow into a healthy adult.

 

THE BODY KEEPS THE SCORE

Trauma is a fact of life. Veterans and their families deal with the painful aftermath of combat; one in five Americans has been molested; one in four grew up with alcoholics; one in three couples have engaged in physical violence. Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, one of the world’s foremost experts on trauma, has spent over three decades working with survivors. In The Body Keeps the Score, he uses recent scientific advances to show how trauma literally reshapes both body and brain, compromising sufferers’ capacities for pleasure, engagement, self-control, and trust. He explores innovative treatments—from neurofeedback and meditation to sports, drama, and yoga—that offer new paths to recovery by activating the brain’s natural neuroplasticity. Based on Dr. van der Kolk’s own research and that of other leading specialists, The Body Keeps the Score exposes the tremendous power of our relationships both to hurt and to heal—and offers new hope for reclaiming lives.

 

TRAUMA AND RECOVERY

Trauma and Recovery is revered as the seminal text on understanding trauma survivors. By placing individual experience in a broader political frame, Harvard psychiatrist Judith Herman argues that psychological trauma is inseparable from its social and political context. Drawing on her own research on incest, as well as a vast literature on combat veterans and victims of political terror, she shows surprising parallels between private horrors like child abuse and public horrors like war. Hailed by the New York Times as "one of the most important psychiatry works to be published since Freud," Trauma and Recovery is essential reading for anyone who seeks to understand how we heal and are healed.

SEXUAL BOUNDARY VIOLATIONS IN PSYCHOTHERAPY

The book was designed to be different from other published books on sexual boundary violations (SBVs) in psychotherapy. We set out to reach a broad audience of mental health professionals and lay audiences and to cover topics that have previously received little or no attention. The text begins with an historical overview of the topic of SBVs by psychotherapists by Ken Pope in his foreword and by the co-editors in the introductory chapter. These are followed by a chapter on the evolution of the APA ethics code and the ongoing development of legal statutes followed by one 
on boundary challenges and the ethics of professional conduct and misconduct. 

VIDEOS

HOW CHILDHOOD TRAUMA AFFECTS HEALTH ACROSS A LIFETIME

Childhood trauma isn’t something you just get over as you grow up. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains that the repeated stress of abuse, neglect and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain. This unfolds across a lifetime, to the point where those who’ve experienced high levels of trauma are at triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer. An impassioned plea for pediatric medicine to confront the prevention and treatment of trauma, head-on.

 

UNDERSTANDING COMPLEX TRAUMA BEHAVIOURS WITH DR. KIRK AUSTIN

When children act in disturbing, disruptive, aggressive, fearful or controlling ways, our interventions depend on the meaning we assign to the behaviour. Is the child being manipulative, oppositional, or unmotivated? Or perhaps there is something else going on? In this video, Dr. Kirk Austin deeps your understanding of the ways in which complex trauma impacts seven developmental domains, and highlights effective intervention strategies.

 

60 MINUTES WITH OPRAH

Oprah Winfrey reports on how trauma plays a role in childhood development and what new methods are being used to help kids who have experienced it.

INFOGRAPHICS

MOVIE

CRACKED UP (available on Netflix)

In Cracked Up we witness the impact adverse childhood experiences can have across a lifetime through the incredible story of actor, comedian, master impressionist and Saturday Night Live veteran, Darrell Hammond. Behind the scenes Darrell suffered from debilitating flashbacks, self injury, addiction and misdiagnosis, until the right doctor isolated the key to unlocking the memories his brain kept locked away for over 50 years. Cracked Up creates an inspiring balance between comedy and tragedy helping us understand the effects of childhood trauma in a new light, breaking down barriers of stigma and replacing shame with compassion and hope.

ASSESSMENT

GUIDES & FACT SHEETS

COMPLEX TRAUMA STANDARDIZED MEASURES

Table of standardized measures that are appropriate for children and families dealing with complex trauma.

 

ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEX TRAUMA BY MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

Offers information on the assessment of complex trauma in children. This fact sheet provides general guidelines for assessing complex trauma such as gathering information, a variety of approaches and techniques, how to work with a child's family and care team, and assessing over time. It also gives helpful tips providers can use.

 

AGE-RELATED REACTIONS TO TRAUMATIC EVENT

Describes how young children, school-age children, and adolescents react to traumatic events and offers suggestions on how parents and caregivers can help and support them.

 

FAMILY TRAUMA ASSESSMENT: Tips for Clinicians

Details the importance of a trauma assessment when families have experienced a trauma and guides clinicians in the assessment process. This fact sheet provides information on how to get families to embrace the need for assessment, the best practices in and appropriate domains for family trauma assessment, how to choose instruments and decide what to measure, and how to present results to the family.

WEBSITE

SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT

Trauma screening, Trauma-Informed Mental Health Assessment, NCTSN Resources, and Measure Reviews

TREATMENT/INTERVENTION

GUIDES & FACT SHEETS

COMPLEX TRAUMA: Facts for Treatment Staff in Residential Settings

Details the importance of a holistic, multidisciplinary, multi-level approach to addressing the needs of youth with complex trauma in residential treatment settings. This fact sheet offers general guidelines for treatment providers, challenging them to “avoid a view of youth behavior that is limited solely to behavior management.”

COMPLEX TRAUMA: Facts for Educators

Helps educators and school staff recognize the signs and symptoms of complex trauma and offers recommendations on how to help students heal.

YOUTH ENGAGEMENT IN THE EMERGENCY ROOM: A Youth Created Tip Sheet for Emergency Room Staff

WEBSITES

 

INTERVENTIONS FOR COMPLEX TRAUMA

- Attachment, Self-Regulation and Competence: A Comprehensive Framework

- Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma for Adolescents

- Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma for Children

- Real Life Heroes

- Strengthening Family Coping Resources

- Structured Psychotherapy for Adolescents Responding to Chronic Stress

- Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy (TARGET)

- Trauma Systems Therapy

 

ATTACHMENT, REGULATION AND COMPETENCY (ARC) FRAMEWORK

Intervention developed for children and adolescents who have experienced complex trauma, along with their caregiving systems.

 

ARC GROW

Twelve-session program designed to enhance resilient outcomes for families who are impacted by chronic adversity or stress.

 

HEARTS 

Healthy Environments and Response to Trauma in School

 

CARING FOR CHILDREN WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED TRAUMA

A Workshop for Resource Parents (also known as RPC – Resource Parent Curriculum) - Complete program FREE to download online

BOOKS

TREATING TRAUMATIC STRESS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: How to Foster Resilience through Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency

Tens of thousands of clinicians have used this book—now revised and expanded with 50% new material—to plan and organize effective interventions for children and adolescents who have experienced complex trauma. The Attachment, Regulation, and Competency (ARC) framework can be used with children, parents, and other caregivers in a wide range of settings. The volume guides the clinician to identify key treatment goals and intervene flexibly to strengthen child–caregiver relationships and support healthy development and positive functioning. In a large-size format with lay-flat binding for easy photocopying, it is packed with case vignettes and clinical tools, including 79 reproducible handouts and forms. Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials.

 

TREATING COMPLEX TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: Scientific Foundations and Therapeutic Models

With contributions from prominent experts, this pragmatic book takes a close look at the nature of complex psychological trauma in children and adolescents and the clinical challenges it presents. Each chapter shows how a complex trauma perspective can provide an invaluable unifying framework for case conceptualization, assessment, and intervention amidst the chaos and turmoil of these young patients' lives. A range of evidence-based and promising therapies are reviewed and illustrated with vivid case vignettes. The volume is grounded in clinical innovations and cutting-edge research on child and adolescent brain development, attachment, and emotion regulation, and discusses diagnostic criteria, including those from DSM-IV and DSM-5.

 

TREATING COMPLEX TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS

Treating Complex Trauma in Adolescents and Young Adults is the first empirically-validated, multi-component manual to guide practitioners and students in the treatment of multi-traumatized adolescents and young adults. Acclaimed clinician-researchers John Briere and Cheryl Lanktree outline a hands-on, culturally-sensitive approach to the most challenging of young clients: those suffering from complex trauma histories, multiple symptoms, and, in many cases, involvement in a range of problematic behaviors. This model, Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma for Adolescents (ITCT-A), integrates a series of approaches and techniques, which are adapted according to the youth's specific symptoms, culture, and age. Components include relationship-building, psychoeducation, affect regulation training, trigger identification, cognitive processing, titrated emotional processing, mindfulness training, collateral treatments with parents and families, group therapy, and system-level advocacy.

 

CREATIVE INTERVENTIONS WITH TRAUMATIZED CHILDREN

Atrusted, bestselling resource, this volume demonstrates a range of creative approaches for facilitating children's emotional reparation and recovery from trauma. Experts in play, art, music, movement, and drama therapy, as well as bibliotherapy, describe step-by-step strategies for working with children, families, and groups. Rich with case material and artwork, the book is both practical and user-friendly. Specific types of stressful experiences include parental loss, child abuse, family violence, bullying, and mass trauma. Important developments in neurobiology, self-regulation, and resilience and posttraumatic growth are highlighted in this substantial revision.

VIDEOS

INBRIEF: Resilience Series

Reducing the effects of significant adversity on young children’s healthy development is critical to the progress and prosperity of any society. Yet not all children experience lasting harm as a result of adverse early experiences. Some may demonstrate “resilience,” or an adaptive response to serious hardship. A better understanding of why some children do well despite early adversity is important because it can help us design policies and programs that help more children reach their full potential. These three videos provide an overview of why resilience matters, how it develops, and how to strengthen it in children.

CLINICAL TOOLS

RESOURCE LIBRARY

SELF-REG 101

Infosheets, discussion guides & groups, visuals, infographics, publications, newsletters

BOOKS

A TERRIBLE THING HAPPENED: A Story for Children Who Have Witnessed Violence or Trauma

PLEASE TELL: A child’s story about sexual abuse

FINDING THE RIGHT SPOT: When Kids Can’t Live with their Parents

A PLACE FOR STARR: A Story of Hope for Children Experiencing Family Violence

HELP YOUR DRAGON COPE WITH TRAUMA: A Cute Children Story to Help Kids Understand and Overcome Traumatic Events

THE DAY MY DADDY LOST HIS TEMPER: Empowering Kids That Have Witnessed Domestic Violence

MAYBE DAYS: A Book for Children in Foster Care

MOBILE APPLICATION

HELP KIDS COPE

Helps parents talk to their kids about the disasters they may face and know how best to support them throughout—whether sheltering-in-place at home, evacuating to a designated shelter, or helping your family heal after reuniting. This mobile app is also a great resource for teachers and other professionals involved in children's lives. This is the iOS version of the app.

TRAUMA-INFORMED CARE

INFOGRAPHICS

LEARNING MATERIALS

WEBSITES

NCTSN Learning Center – Free

This source for online training offers free courses and resources on various aspects of child traumatic stress, including hundreds of webinars, eLearning modules, and videos - many offered for continuing education credit)

 

TRAUMA INFORMED CARE PROJECTFree

The purpose of the Trauma Informed Care (TIC) Project is to increase knowledge about trauma and the impact it has by creating connection, sharing knowledge and resources. TIC offers resources for individuals who help those impacted by trauma provide patient centred care.

COMPLEXLY TRAUMATIZED CHILDREN AND YOUTH: Increasing knowledge and improving practices

(Dre Delphine Collin-Vézina)