What is Child and Youth Trauma and What Are the Consequenses?

Families Services providers Researchers Policy Makers

What are the consequences for your child?

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Guides & Facts scheets

What is Complex Trauma?

A Resource Guide for Youth and Those Who Care About Them. Offers information about complex trauma, how it can impact youth, both good and harmful coping strategies, and ways to improve. This guide is for youth who have experienced complex trauma or who know someone who has. Clinicians, caregivers, and other adults can also use the guide to have conversations with youth about what complex trauma is. 

Trauma-Informed Care Fact Sheets - Native Children

Trauma and Its Effects. Provides information about trauma in Indian country, impact of trauma on native children and characteristics of trauma-informed systems.  


What is Child Trauma?

What is a traumatic event? What experiences might be traumatic? What is child traumatic stress? What are the risk and protective factors?  

Trauma Types

When a child feels intensely threatened by an event he or she is involved in or witnesses, we call that event a trauma. There is a range of traumatic events or trauma types to which children and adolescents can be exposed.

Complex Trauma

What it is, Effects, Screening and Assessment, Interventions.

A Guide to Toxic Stress

The Center on the Developing Child created this Guide to Toxic Stress to help you learn the facts about toxic stress step by step.


The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog

Deftly combining unforgettable case histories with his own compassionate, insightful strategies for rehabilitation, Perry explains what exactly happens to the brain when a child is exposed to extreme stress -- and reveals the unexpected measures that can be taken to ease a child's pain and help him grow into a healthy adult.

The Body Keeps the Score

In The Body Keeps the Score, Dr. Bessel van der Kolk uses recent scientific advances to show how trauma literally reshapes both body and brain, compromising sufferers’ capacities for pleasure, engagement, self-control, and trust. He explores innovative treatments—from neurofeedback and meditation to sports, drama, and yoga—that offer new paths to recovery by activating the brain’s natural neuroplasticity.  

Trauma and Recovery

Trauma and Recovery is revered as the seminal text on understanding trauma survivors. By placing individual experience in a broader political frame, Harvard psychiatrist Judith Herman argues that psychological trauma is inseparable from its social and political context. Drawing on her own research on incest, as well as a vast literature on combat veterans and victims of political terror, she shows surprising parallels between private horrors like child abuse and public horrors like war.  


How Childhood Trauma Affects Health Across a Lifetime

Childhood trauma isn’t something you just get over as you grow up. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains that the repeated stress of abuse, neglect and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain. This unfolds across a lifetime, to the point where those who’ve experienced high levels of trauma are at triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer. An impassioned plea for pediatric medicine to confront the prevention and treatment of trauma, head-on.

Understanding Complex Trauma Behaviours with Dr. Kirk Austin

When children act in disturbing, disruptive, aggressive, fearful or controlling ways, our interventions depend on the meaning we assign to the behaviour. Is the child being manipulative, oppositional, or unmotivated? Or perhaps there is something else going on? In this video, Dr. Kirk Austin deeps your understanding of the ways in which complex trauma impacts seven developmental domains, and highlights effective intervention strategies.


Cracked Up (available on Netflix)

In Cracked Up we witness the impact adverse childhood experiences can have across a lifetime through the incredible story of actor, comedian, master impressionist and Saturday Night Live veteran, Darrell Hammond. Behind the scenes Darrell suffered from debilitating flashbacks, self injury, addiction and misdiagnosis, until the right doctor isolated the key to unlocking the memories his brain kept locked away for over 50 years. Cracked Up creates an inspiring balance between comedy and tragedy helping us understand the effects of childhood trauma in a new light, breaking down barriers of stigma and replacing shame with compassion and hope.


Understanding Child Trauma

Child trauma occurs more than you think.

How to Manage Trauma

Trauma occurs when a person is overwhelmed by events or circumstances and responds with intense fear, horror, and helplessness. Extreme stress overwhelms the person’s capacity to cope. There is a direct correlation between trauma and physical health conditions such as diabetes, COPD, heart disease, cancer, and high blood pressure.

What are ACEs?

And How Do They Relate to Toxic Stress? 

“ACEs” stands for “Adverse Childhood Experiences.” These experiences can include things like physical and emotional abuse, neglect, caregiver mental illness, and household violence.

Violence and Maltreatment

Are Quebec's youngest children safe from harm?

Stress & Early Brain Growth

Understanding Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

Freeze and Shutdown Trauma Responses

How to Differentiate between the Freeze and Shutdown Trauma Responses 

Why Trauma Matters in Primary Care

Trauma is common.

The Costs of Child Maltreatment in Quebec

What can we learn from data from youth protection services? 

Cultural Responsiveness to Racial Trauma

Offers mental health providers information on understanding cultural responsiveness to racial trauma, why it matters, and what to do. This infographic includes information on what is racial trauma, what is cultural responsiveness, how did we get here, what are the effects of racial trauma and discrimination, as well as your responsibility as a mental health provider.