Childhood interpersonal traumas (CIT)

Traumas interpersonnels à l'enfance (TIE)

This type of trauma refers to psychological, physical or sexual violence, psychological and physical neglect, bullying by peers and exposure to psychological and physical violence between parental figures. These traumas occur in childhood, are usually perpetrated by parental figures and impede survivors’ well-being.

Child maltreatment

Maltraitance à l'enfance

The physical or psychological maltreatment of a child by an adult (biological or adoptive parents, step-parents, guardians, other adults). This includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional maltreatment, exposure to domestic violence, and neglect.

Child sexual exploitation

Exploitation sexuelle des enfants

Any type of sexual activity with children and youth in exchange for money, drugs, food, shelter or any other considerations.

Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD)

Trouble de stress post-traumatique complexe (TSPT-C)

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder is specific to serious and repetitive traumas that occur during childhood, most often in the form of abuse and which have important consequences in adulthood, particularly in terms of emotional regulation.

Complex trauma (CT)

Trauma complexe (TC)

This type of trauma is related to chronic and repeated interpersonal traumas and the complex and lasting sequelae associated with them, particularly in the relational, affective, behavioral and identity spheres.

Conduct disorder (CD)

Trouble de conduite (TC)

Conduct disorder is characterized by recurrent or persistent behavior in which the child flouts the rights of others or the main rules or social norms related to his age.

Couple communication patterns

Dynamique communicationnelle dyadique

The way individuals interact with each other. These patterns are predictable and stable in time. 

Couples therapy

Thérapie de couple

Couples therapy attempts to improve romantic relationships and resolve interpersonal conflicts.

Crime Victims Assistance Centre - Quebec (CAVAC)

Centre d'aide aux victimes d'actes criminels - Québec (CAVAC)

Crime Victims Assistance Centres, or CAVACs, offer front-line services to any crime victim or witness. Help from CAVACs is available whether the perpetrator of the crime has been identified, apprehended, prosecuted or convicted.

Cumulative childhood trauma (CCT)

Trauma cumulatif à l'enfance

Cumulative trauma refers to the accumulation of interpersonal trauma, with greater repercussions, such as more severe and complex symptoms.



Cybervictimization is defined as deliberate and repeated harm inflicted through computers, cell phones and other electronic devices that is intended to threaten, harass, embarrass or socially exclude another person using online technology

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