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Glossary

Developmental delay

Retard développemental

Developmental delays are characterized by several developmental problems, which typically include below average intellectual functioning and late achievement of key physical milestones (such as sitting or walking). They are often associated with a lack of social skills and difficulty communicating.

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM)

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM)

The DSM is a publication by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) for the classification of mental disorders using a common language and standard criteria.

Director of youth protection - Quebec (DYP)

Direction de la protection de la jeunesse - Québec (DPJ)

The DYP is responsible for enforcing the Youth Protection Act (YPA) in his region. The YPA applies to children and teenagers under 18 whose security or development is or may be considered to be in danger.

Disclosure

Dévoilement

The act of making something (e.g. abuse) known.

Disengaged parenting

Parentalité désengagée

Disengaged parenting is characterized by a lack of responsiveness to a child's needs. Uninvolved parents make few to no demands of their children and they are often indifferent, dismissive, or even completely neglectful.

Disorganized attachment

Attachement désorganisé

A form of insecure attachment in which infants show no coherent or consistent behavior during separation from and reunion with their parents. Also called disoriented attachment.

Dissociative identity disorder

Trouble dissociatif de la personnalité

Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or "personality states" that alternately take control of the individual's behavior, accompanied by an inability to evoke personal memories.

Domestic violence (DV)

Violence familiale (VF)

Domestic Violence is violence that takes place within a household and can be between any two people within that household. Domestic Violence can occur between a parent and child, or siblings.

Dropping out (school dropout)

Décrochage scolaire

Dropping out means leaving high school, college, university for practical reasons, necessities, inability, or disillusionment with the system.

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