This section of the portal provides resources related to treatment of child and youth trauma and other related trauma-focused and trauma-informed interventions.
20 skills to build resilience
This new edition of Working with Children and Youth with Complex Needs provides detailed descriptions of techniques, ample case studies, fascinating and easy to understand explanations of research, and rich stories of how social workers, psychologists, counselors, child and youth care workers, and other mental health professionals can help young people become more resilient.
- Created by Dr. Michael Ungar.
Treating Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents: How to Foster Resilience through Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency
The Attachment, Regulation, and Competency (ARC) framework can be used with children, parents, and other caregivers in a wide range of settings. The volume guides the clinician to identify key treatment goals and intervene flexibly to strengthen child–caregiver relationships and support healthy development and positive functioning. In a large-size format with lay-flat binding for easy photocopying, it is packed with case vignettes and clinical tools, including 79 reproducible handouts and forms.
Treating Complex Traumatic Stress Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Scientific Foundations and Therapeutic Models
With contributions from prominent experts, this pragmatic book takes a close look at the nature of complex psychological trauma in children and adolescents and the clinical challenges it presents. Each chapter shows how a complex trauma perspective can provide an invaluable unifying framework for case conceptualization, assessment, and intervention amidst the chaos and turmoil of these young patients' lives.
Treating Complex Trauma in Adolescents and Young Adults
Treating Complex Trauma in Adolescents and Young Adults is the first empirically-validated, multi-component manual to guide practitioners and students in the treatment of multi-traumatized adolescents and young adults. Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma for Adolescents (ITCT-A) integrates a series of approaches and techniques, which are adapted according to the youth's specific symptoms, culture, and age.
Creative Interventions with Traumatized Children
This volume demonstrates a range of creative approaches for facilitating children's emotional reparation and recovery from trauma. Experts in play, art, music, movement, and drama therapy, as well as bibliotherapy, describe step-by-step strategies for working with children, families, and groups. Rich with case material and artwork, the book is both practical and user-friendly.
It’s Not You, It’s What Happened to You: Complex Trauma and Treatment
Treating Traumatized Children: Risk, Resilience and Recovery
This book discusses risk and protective factors for the development of post-traumatic disorders, conceptualizations of resilience and suggestions for making them operational and evidence-based treatment models for traumatized children. It also helps professionals and researchers develop future treatments based on current evidence.
A Child's Loss: Helping Children Exposed to Traumatic Death
Trauma Responsive Child Welfare systems
This comprehensive reference offers a robust framework for introducing and sustaining trauma-responsive services and culture in child welfare systems. Organized around concepts of safety, permanency, and well-being, chapters describe innovations in child protection, violence prevention, foster care, and adoption services to reduce immediate effects of trauma on children and improve long-term development and maturation. Foundations and interventions for practice include collaborations with families and community entities, cultural competency, trauma-responsive assessment and treatment, promoting trauma-informed parenting, and, when appropriate, working toward reunification of families.
This evidence-based guide to assessing, reporting, and treating childhood maltreatment is essential reading for any professional working with children. It provides knowledge on the latest knowledge about childhood maltreatment and hands-on information on trauma-based CBT.
Cruel but not Unusual
Healing the Traumatized Self: Consciousness, Neuroscience, Treatment
This book discusses the neurobiology behind emotional states and presents exercises for developing self-awareness. The book also includes case studies, detailed instructions for clinicians, and handouts ready for use in assessment/therapy with patients/clients.
Income Support May Reduce Violence for Poor Families
The Neurobiological Power of Play Using the Neurosequential Model of Therapeutics to Guide Play in the Healing Process
Boys' and men's health: Child sexual abuse prevention
This video provides information on the stigmas surrounding male childhood sexual abuse and its repercussions. It also gives tips for services providers to help this specific population.
- Created by the Institute of Human Development, Child and Youth Health (IHDCYH) Talks.
Supporting the wellbeing of infants and children through a trauma-informed lens
The panel of experts discuss the evidence behind the prevalence and effects of complex trauma on early child development and wellbeing. They also explore the skills required to have preventative and early intervention conversations with parents and caregivers of infants and children who have experienced complex trauma.
- Created by Emerging Minds.
Youth Suicide Prevention Video Series (Free)
These educational videos were created for caregivers of youth with mental health concerns and provide information on how to support and respond to youth when they are thinking of harming themselves or have already tried to do so.
- Created by McMaster Children’s Hospital.
On-Demand Webinar (Not Free)
These one-hour webinars are available for 30 days after purchase, but PowerPoint PDFs remain accessible after this delay. These webinars address different topics, including addiction and mental health, anxiety in youth, attachment, autism, bullying, and much more.
- Created by the Crisis and Trauma Resource Institute.
Trauma-informed Care: Youth Sexual and Non-Sexual Violence Experiences and the ARC model
In this presentation, participants will: (1) distinguish simple trauma from complex trauma, (2) understand the biological, psychological and relational impact of complex trauma, (3) document the principles of trauma-informed care, and (4) learn about trauma-informed initiatives based on the Attachment, Regulation, and Competency (ARC) model.
- Created by Children's HealthCare Canada.
INNclusion: Prevention of 2SLBGTQ+ Youth Homelessness Through Peer Support and Population Based Transitional Housing
This panel, presented during the 2022 Trauma Symposium, addresses the mission and impacts of Blue Door, the reality of homelessness among 2SLGBTQ+ youth, and ways organizations can become inclusive and responsive to their reality.
- By Alex Cheng, Cheyanne Ratnam & Alex Abramovich.
Integrating the Voices of Youth in Clinical Training Approaches for Childhood Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence (CEIPV)
This panel, presented during the 2022 Trauma Symposium, addresses the benefits of youth engagement, provides skills for working with people who have childhood experiences of IPV, and offers recommendations based on this study’s findings.
- By Olivia Cullen, Angelique Jenney & Laura Lynn Shiels.
The Use of Simulation-Based Learning Approaches to Improve Access to Trauma-Informed Care in Children's Mental Health Settings
This panel, presented during the 2022 Trauma Symposium, discusses an innovating training approach that provides access to experiential learning within a community-based setting using multiple modalities within the area of SBL (live in-person, virtual, and gaming situations) to increase access to training and upskilling opportunities for both students and professional practitioners.
- By Angelique Jenney, Emma Morgan & Narmin Nikdel.
This source for online training offers free courses and resources on various aspects of child traumatic stress, including hundreds of webinars, eLearning modules, and videos - many offered for continuing education credit).
- Created by the National Traumatic Child Stress Network.
Emerging Minds has developed a suite of free online learning courses and resources to assist different practitioners – from students and volunteers through to specialist practitioners – to understand and support children and families who have experienced trauma.
- Created by Emerging Minds.
Increasing knowledge and improving practices (Dr. Delphine Collin-Vézina)
In this workshop, the trainer will review the individual, familial, social and cultural factors that have influence over the appearance of long term side effects following repeated trauma; they will present, in detail, the Attachment, Self-Regulation and Competency Model; (ARC, Kinniburgh, Blaustein, Spinazzola & van der Kolk, 2005). This course is intended for healthcare workers who wish to identify and serve youth with a history of multiple abuse.
- Created by Porte-Voix - Formations continues en santé mentale.
Interventions for Complex Trauma
The following interventions have been developed specifically for Complex Trauma and were designed to address a range of developmental concerns and competencies. Some intervene individually with children, adolescents, or young adults, while others involve work with children and their caregivers together, or with the entire family.
Attachment, Regulation and Competency (ARC) Framework
ARC Reflections Training Program (FREE)
HEARTS is a whole-school, prevention and intervention approach that utilizes a multi-tiered system of supports (MTSS) framework to address trauma and chronic stress at the student level, staff level, and school organizational level.
Caring for Children Who Have Experienced Trauma (FREE)
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents impacted by trauma and their parents or caregivers. Research shows that TF-CBT successfully resolves a broad array of emotional and behavioral difficulties associated with single, multiple and complex trauma experiences. This is the official TF-CBT National Therapist Certification Program, in which clinicians can become certified in the TF-CBT treatment model.
Center on Trauma and Children – Trauma-informed Interventions Available
Being Trauma Aware Course (Free)
NMT Training - Trauma-Informed Training and Professional Development
Training focuses on trauma-informed practice for frontline staff, caregivers, schools, agencies, and community partners. Training can be tailored to the specific needs of the organization and training participants in terms of length of training, didactic or interactive, and topic.
Brain Booster Activity Cards (Not Free)
These cards outline a set of enrichment activities that are intended to provide targeted positive activation of key systems in the brain. They support self-regulation and sensory integration when used in the context of positive relationships. The cards allow therapists, educators, parents, and caregivers to select an activity that meets the developmental needs of children.
Behaviour Approaches for Children and Youth with Disturbances of Attachment
Using Your Senses Can Help
Ways to Relax
Trainings and Prevention Workshops (Free and Not Free)
Children and Residential Experiences: CARE - Creating Conditions for Change (Not Free)
The CARE model is a principle-based program model that provides organizations a framework for practice based on a valid theory of how children develop. It motivates children and staff to adhere to routines, structures, and processes while minimizing the potential for interpersonal conflict.
Therapeutic Crisis Intervention
This formation helps residential child care organizations to create trauma-sensitive environments where children and adults are safe and feel safe, to pro-actively prevent and/or de-escalate potential crisis situations with children, to manage a crisis situation in a therapeutic manner, and, if necessary, intervene physically in a manner that reduces the risk of harm to children and staff, to process the crisis event with children to help improve their coping strategies, and to effectively deliver in-house TCI training.
Pan-Canadian, evidence-based guidance and education resources to assist healthcare and social service providers in recognizing and responding safely to family violence. VEGA focuses on three main types of family violence: child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, and children’s exposure to intimate partner violence. VEGA has developed an online platform of education resources comprised of learning modules (e.g., care pathways, scripts, how-to videos), interactive educational scenarios and a Handbook.
- Created by Project VEGA - McMaster University.
Center on the Developing Child
Treating Trauma with Compassion-Based Therapies
Created by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
Helps parents talk to their kids about the disasters they may face and know how best to support them throughout—whether sheltering-in-place at home, evacuating to a designated shelter, or helping your family heal after reuniting. This mobile app is also a great resource for teachers and other professionals involved in children's lives. This is the iOS version of the app.
Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy
Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma
In the first episode of this two-part series, David Tully talks about how children make meaning of their experiences of trauma and sexual abuse, and how perpetrators can manipulate children into believing they were complicit in the abuse. He discusses the practitioner’s role in bringing power and protest into focus, in ways that begin to challenge children’s feelings of shame and self-blame. And he describes how being curious about the small acts of resistance that children demonstrate throughout traumatic experiences can help to honor their resilience, connections and courage.
- Created by Emerging Minds Podcast.
In the second episode of this two-part series, David Tully talks about the role of therapy in helping children to develop and understand their identity in the context of trauma or abuse. He describes the importance of helping children to discover new identities, built from their stories of protest, resistance and resilience. These identities help counteract the stories of failure that so many children carry with them after experiences of trauma or abuse.
- Created by Emerging Minds Podcast.
This podcast, hosted by Vicki Enns, CTRI Clinical Director, MMFT, RMFT, addresses topics often discussed by professionals providing counselling, including imposter syndrome, power of play, sexuality, culture, identity, and much more.
- Created by the Crisis and Trauma Resource Institute.
A Terrible Thing Happened: A Story for Children Who Have Witnessed Violence or Trauma
This gently told and tenderly illustrated story is for children who have witnessed any kind of violent or traumatic episode, including physical abuse, school or gang violence, accidents, homicide, suicide, and natural disasters such as floods or fire. An afterword by Sasha J. Mudlaff written for parents and other caregivers offers extensive suggestions for helping traumatized children, including a list of other sources that focus on specific events.
Please Tell: A child’s story about sexual abuse
A Place for Starr: A Story of Hope for Children Experiencing Family Violence
Help Your Dragon Cope with Trauma: A Cute Children Story to Help Kids Understand and Overcome Traumatic Events
The Day my Daddy Lost His Temper: Empowering Kids That Have Witnessed Domestic Violence
The Empowering Kids Series is a collection of empathically reflective stories told from the perspective of young children. These books are meant to be used by parents and mental health providers to facilitate the child's verbalization of their feelings and experiences, thereby advancing the healing process and are aimed at validating the readers' experiences and feelings, thereby reducing feelings of shame and isolation.
Once I Was Very Scared
A little squirrel announces that he was once very, very scared and finds out that he is not alone. Lots of little animals went through scary experiences, but they react in different ways. Turtle hides and gets a tummy ache, monkey clings, dog barks, and elephant doesn’t like to talk about it. They need help, and they get help from grown-ups who help them feel safe and learn ways to cope with difficult feelings. This story was written to help children and grown-ups (parents, teachers, and other important adults) understand how stress can affect children and ways to help them.